Opening Black Ceremony Agnees White Loafers Leather Black Platform Loafers Creepers Creepers 38 02375b6 -

Opening Black Ceremony Agnees White Loafers Leather Black Platform Loafers Creepers Creepers 38 02375b6

Item specifics

Condition: Pre-owned :
An item that has been used or worn previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections.See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller Notes: Overall in Great condition. No rips/tears. No major damages or flaws. Original box is included.
Modified Item: No Heel Style: Platform
Style: Creepers EUR Shoe Size (Women's): 38
Heel Height: Med (1 3/4 in. to 2 3/4 in.) Color: White
US Shoe Size (Women's): 7.5-8 Brand: Opening Ceremony
Material: Leather
Mars likely to have enough oxygen to support life: Study

PARIS - Salty water just below the surface of Mars could hold enough oxygen to support the kind of microbial life that emerged and flourished on Earth billions of years ago, researchers reported Monday (Oct 22).

In some locations, the amount of oxygen available could even keep alive a primitive, multicellular animal such as a sponge, they reported in the journal Nature Geosciences.

"We discovered that brines" - water with high concentrations of salt - "on Mars can contain enough oxygen for microbes to breathe," said lead author Vlada Stamenkovic, a theoretical physicist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California.

Vionic Edie Sneaker - Women's Size 8.5 Silver , New Sam Edelman Therese Green Suede Tassel Loafer Slip On Casual Shoes Womens 8MDr. Marten Womens Black Mary Jane Double Buckle Shoe Made in England US 7Minnetonka Size 9 Moccasins 387F Animal Print Cow Hair/Leather *New Without Box* , PRADA Gold Metallic Leather Slip On Driving Mocs Ballet Flat Loafers 39 US 8.5 , SoftWalk Simba Knit Walking Shoes, Women's Size 9N, Black/Grey NEW , Franco Sarto Hudley Loafer, Women's SIze 8 W, Silver , J Slides Ariana Slip On Shoes - Women's Size 10 Black , Clarks Sillian Blair Casual Slip On Shoes - Women's Size 9.5 W, NavySam Edelman Felicia Flats Womens Size 8-Black , Sperry Top-Sider Ivyfish Navy/Silver Boat Shoes STS90931 NIB Sz 8 MTory Burch Reva Zebra Animal Print Leather Pony Hair Ballet Flats Shoes Sz 5 , Sofft Somers Women’s Size 10M Black Snake Print Leather Mule Slides Flat New , Sofft Britton Casual Slip On Shoes - Women's Size 6 M, Black , VIONIC Caballo Slip On Shoes - Women's Size 7 BlackUG Kammi Slip-On Shoes - Women's Size 7.5, ChestnutVtg Ferragamo Dark Brown Croc Embossed Leather Vara Flats Sz 6.5 ItalyNEW Rockport Atarah Laser Cut Leather Ballet Flats, Women's Size 8.5M, Black , Salvatore Ferragamo My Paris Snake skin ballet flats Womens Size 8 , Free People Brady Slip-On Loafers, Women's Size 11, BrownNew Women’s Talbots Pewter Flats - Size 6Sam Edelman Rodney Flats, Women's Size 6, Oatmeal Suede , Rockport Cobb Hill Laila Mary Janes, Women's Size 8.5 M, BlackSalvatore Ferragamo Sport Flats Size 8 2A, Brown Leather Suede Made In Italy8.5 Sam Edelman NOAH Dark Brown Leather Ballet Flats Shoes Classic Slip On SoftEmbroidered Leather black slip on shoes Indian south east Asian slippers sz 8 , Dr. Doc Martens Womens Shoes US 7 Leather Black Mary Jane Bin 1 , Yosi Samra Vienna 2 Flats - Women's Size 9, Gunmetal , Stuart Weitzman Manila Jet Mirror Oxford Loafer Size 9M E203 ,

"This fully revolutionises our understanding of the potential for life on Mars, today and in the past," he told AFP.

Up to now, it had been assumed that the trace amounts of oxygen on Mars were insufficient to sustain even microbial life.

"We never thought that oxygen could play a role for life on Mars due to its rarity in the atmosphere, about 0.14 per cent," Stamenkovic said.

By comparison, the life-giving gas makes up 21 per cent of the air we breathe.

On Earth, aerobic - that is, oxygen breathing - life forms evolved together with photosynthesis, which converts CO2 into O2. The gas played a critical role in the emergence of complex life, notable after the so-called Great Oxygenation Event some 2.35 billion years ago.

But our planet also harbours microbes - at the bottom of the ocean, in boiling hot springs - that subsist in environments deprived of oxygen.

"That's why - whenever we thought of life on Mars - we studied the potential for anaerobic life," Stamenkovic.


The new study began with the discovery by Nasa's Curiosity Mars rover of manganese oxides, which are chemical compounds that can only be produced with a lot of oxygen.

Curiosity, along with Mars orbiters, also established the presence of brine deposits, with notable variations in the elements they contained.

A high salt content allows for water to remain liquid - a necessary condition for oxygen to be dissolved - at much lower temperatures, making brines a happy place for microbes.

Depending on the region, season and time of day, temperatures on the Red Planet can vary between minus 195 and 20 deg C.

The researchers devised a first model to describe how oxygen dissolves in salty water at temperatures below freezing.

A second model estimated climate changes on Mars over the last 20 million years, and over the next 10 million years.

Taken together, the calculations showed which regions on the Red Planet are most likely to produce brine-based oxygen, data that could help determine the placement of future probes.

"Oxygen concentrations (on Mars) are orders of magnitude" - several hundred times - "greater than needed by aerobic, or oxygen-breathing - microbes," the study concluded.

Donald J. Pliner Womens Shoe Sport-I-Que Gray Brown Strap Walking Size 7 , Funtasma Womens Flat Shoe- Pick SZ/Color.Sperry Top-Siders Camel Suede Wallabee Chukka Loafers Sz 6M Women's , NAOT Attitude Taupe/Nubuck Leather Mary Jane Women's Shoes 7Cole Haan Country Brown Leather Penny Loafers Moccasin Toe Shoes Womens 8 BDansko Professional Black Suede Leather Clogs Nurses Women's 38 - 7.5/8 , MERRELL Encore Emme Coffee Bean Suede Wool Mary Jane Shoes Sz 7 , Orthofeet Chelsea Women's Depth Leather Comfort Diabetic Shoes Size 7.5 WideLADIES SHOES/FOOTWEAR - CC Resorts Star taupe mary jane style shoe , PUMA Women's Evader XT Geo, Blue Coral/Clearwater, Training Shoes, 7M , nike running shoes size 10 womenSH28 Finn Comfort US 9 Black Leather Oxford Sneaker Shoes Bicycle ToeAsics Womens Gel Frantic 7 Running Shoes Sz 10 Teal Yellow Purple , Skechers Encore Women running Shoes Gray Blue white Sneakers 8.5 M , Qupid Women's Moira-06A Sneaker, Nude, Size 6.5Skechers Women's Go Walk Joy-15635 Sneaker , Womens Casual Walking Running Shoes Breathable Sneakers Outdoor Sports TrainersNEW BALANCE 806 White Leather Tennis Court Shoes Women's Size 9.5 / 41NEW! Asics Women's Stomer Athletic Shoes Black/Grey #T791S 102X pzWomen's Xhilaration Ballet Flats Size 7.5 Outfall Flats , Altra Women's Impulse Flash Sneaker Black/Sugar Coral 7 W USNew Balance Fuel Core Coast V3 Women's Sz. 6 Pink/Black Shoes KJCSTGLYReebok Size 9.5 M Zquick Lemon Running Sneakers New Womens Shoes NWOBNIB PUMA Women's Fierce STRAP FLOCKING PEACOAT / WHITE SIZE US 6 129$ NAVY , Keen Dry Hiking Sneakers Women's Size 7.5 Shoes , New Womens Nike air Zoom Fitness Shoes 904645-103 Sz 7.5 , New Emu Womens Cheetah Caramel Fashion Shoes Size 4 , Women's Casual Platform Sneakers Shape Ups Toning Fitness Wedge Shoes Comfy Heel , Asics size 9M Gel-Venture 5 black mint womens ladies running sneakers shoesWomens New Balance 1099 Gray Primaloft Boots Size 8 M Winter Multi Sports Vibram

"Our results do not imply that there is life on Mars," Stamenkovic cautioned. "But they show that the Martian habitability is affected by the potential of dissolved oxygen."

More aboutSpace and cosmos
Purchase this article for republication.
Your daily good stuff - AsiaOne stories delivered straight to your inbox

Opening Black Ceremony Agnees White Loafers Leather Black Platform Loafers Creepers Creepers 38 02375b6 -

Opening Black Ceremony Agnees White Loafers Leather Black Platform Loafers Creepers Creepers 38 02375b6
By signing up, you agree to our Privacy policy and Terms and Conditions.